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3-Wire and 4-Wire Kitchen Range and Stove Circuits

How to Wire a Kitchen Range Outlet: 3-Wire and 4-Wire Range and Stove Circuits, Wiring 3 prong and 4 prong range cords.


Wiring Range Cords and Stove Circuits

Electrical Question: I have an older home and I would like to make some changes with the kitchen wiring. Here is an explanation of what I would like to do:

  1. The current kitchen stove outlet is a Duplex 3 pronged GFCI outlet.
  2. I’ve switched the power cord on the stove from a 4 prong to 3 prong.
  3. The outlet needs to be a 3 wire range outlet.
  4. The range requires a single phase 3 wire 120/240 volt.
  5. The only 3 wire range outlet I could find says 125/250 volt.

Can this GFCI outlet be upgraded to the 3 wire 125/250 volt outlet I purchased?

  • In the wall there is 2 black wire and 2 white wires.
  • How should this be connect to the new 3 wire outlet?
  • Do I not connect one set of black and white?

There’s two connectors for hot wires and one marked white.
I’m confused! Help!

This electrical wiring question came from: Tom, a Homeowner from St. Louis, Missouri.

Dave’s Reply:
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Tom.

How to Wire a Kitchen Range Outlet

Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced, Best installed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor. Work in electrical panels is not recommended for homeowners, non-experienced individuals or non-electricians.
Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, electric drill,  auger bits and extension cord.
Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools and install 220 volt electrical circuit wiring.
Precaution: Identify the main circuit of the panel, turn it OFF and Tag it with a Note before working with the wiring or installing the 220 volt wiring and circuit breaker.
Notice: Installing an additional 220 volt range or stove circuit should be done according to local and national electrical codes with a permit and be inspected.

3-Wire and 4-Wire Range and Stove Circuits

  • Kitchen GFCI outlets are generally used for counter top receptacle outlets for small appliances and cannot be adapted to be used for 220 volt range or stove outlets.
  • A kitchen electric stove and a kitchen electric range require a separate circuit for each unit.
  • These circuits are generally 3-wire or 4-wire circuits depending on the age of the home.

If a new kitchen electric range is purchased which has a 4-wire cord and plug, most will allow the cord to be changed to a 3-wire cord and plug so that it may be used with the existing 3-wire range outlet.

The Wiring diagrams are available for more detail from the links provided below.

More about 240 Volt Circuits and Range Cord Wiring Guide to Home Electrical Wire
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Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.
Wiring a Oven or Stove

Wiring a Kitchen Range
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Wiring a Kitchen Range Power Cord

  • Fully Described Electric Range Installation with a typical 220 Volt electric power cord wiring system.
  • You may find yourself with either a 3-wire or 4-wire electric range.
  • Lets look at how the electric range is wired and what to do if your cord does not match the plug.

Electrical Outlets
GFCI Wiring
GFCI Wiring
This list of articles will help you learn about the features and benefits provided by GFI and GFCI Receptacles and how they are wired.


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Learn How to Wire it Right with my
Complete Guide to Home Electrical Wiring
Perfect for Homeowners, Students,
Handyman, Handywomen, and Electricians
Includes:
Wiring GFCI Outlets
Wiring Home Electrical Circuits
120 Volt and 240 Volt Outlet Circuits
Wiring 3-Wire and 4-Wire Electric Range
Wiring 3-Wire and 4-Wire Dryer Cord and Dryer Outlet
Troubleshooting and Repair Electrical Wiring
Wiring Methods for Upgrading Electrical Wiring
Electrical Codes for Home Electrical Wiring
....and much more.

» Click here to learn more about Home Electrical Wiring «
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Be Careful and Be Safe - Never Work on Energized Circuits!
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all projects.


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