Illustrated Guide for Wiring a Single GFCI Receptacle Outlet typically used as Bathroom GFI, Kitchen GFI, Outside GFI and Garage GFI Outlet. Photos show Step-By-Step Basics Including attaching wires to the GFI Outlet on the line side of the back of the receptacle.
The features and benefits of GFCI outlets and receptacles will give you a clear understanding of the importance why these safety devices are required by code to help protect you and your family against accidental electrical shock hazards.
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Home Electrical GFI Receptacles and GFI Outlets Information
Features and Benefits of GFI
The National Electrical Code (NEC) has acted in response to a Consumer Product Safety Commission study that documented injuries to children caused by their inserting pins, keys and other foreign objects into electrical receptacles.
The 10-year study (1991-2001) revealed that over 24,000 children under 10 years old were treated in emergency rooms for incidents related to home electrical outlets and receptacles: an average of 2400 per year, 7 per day. Tamper-resistant receptacles have been mandated in hospital pediatric wards for over 20 years and are proven to effectively prevent electrical injuries.
Features and Benefits of the Home electrical GFI Outlets
Automatically test the GFCI every time the RESET button is pushed in. The GFCI will not reset if the GFCI circuit in not functioning properly.
By blocking reset of the GFCI if protection has been compromised, the features found in a quality GFCI reduces the possibility of end-users incorrectly assuming that the reset home electrical gfi outlets are providing ground fault protection when it actually is not.
A line-load reversal diagnostic feature is provided which prevents the GFCI from being reset and stops power from being fed to the GFCI receptacle face or through to downstream devices. A green LED indicator on the GFCI's face also illuminate4s to alert the installer to the line-load wiring reversal.
Some GFCI's use a trip latch mechanism which is a one piece "T" design for efficient operation
There are 4 sets of contacts for load terminals and face. GFCIs use a sophisticated technology to ensure efficient operation
Trip threshold meets or exceeds UL requirements for tripping time
Improved immunity to high-frequency noise reduces nuisance tripping
Advanced electronics design provides superior resistance to electrical surges and over-voltages
Expanded wiring options for home electrical gfi outlets with nine back-wire holes two for each line and load connection plus one for ground with an internal clamp)
Electrical Project Skill Level:
Beginner to Intermediate.
Electrical Tools Required:
Basic Electricians Pouch of Hand Tools and a Voltage Tester.
Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools, wire gfi outlets, and the available access to the project area. Electrical Safety:
Identify the gfci outlet circuit, turn it OFF and Tag it with a Note before working with the wiring.
Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials:
Electrical parts and materials for GFCI outlet wiring projects should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
Electrical Codes and Inspections:
Installing additional electrical wiring for GFCI Outlets should be done according to local and national electrical codes with a permit and be inspected.
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