Electrical Wiring and Electrical Repairs

House Electrical Wire Color Chart

electrical-wire ©Copyright
Summary: Electrical wire colors for most typical home electrical wiring. The chart below includes UK electrical wire, EU electrical wire, Australia electrical wire, New Zealand electrical wire, South Africa electrical wire, Canada electrical wire and United States electrical wire.

If this is your first visit, be sure to sign up for your Free Electrical Tips Newsletter.
Your Comments and Electrical Questions are Always Welcome.

The Electrical Wire Identification System

To enable wires to be easily and safely identified all common wiring safety codes follow a structured color scheme for the insulation of electrical wire.

There are local rules and exceptions that exist based upon the exact application.

Many older wire installations may vary in color codes, and color may fade or change with heat and age of insulation.

Standard wire colors for flexible cable
such as Extension cords, power (line) cords and lamp cords
World Region, country
or other entity(ies)
Live Neutral Protective earth/ground
EU, Australia & South Africa (IEC 60446) brown blue green & yellow
Australia & New Zealand (AS/NZS 3000:2007 3.8.1) brown light blue green/yellow
United States and Canada black (brass) white (silver) green (green)

Standard wire colors for fixed cable

(In or behind the wall wiring cables)
Region Live Neutral Protective earth/ground
EU (IEC 60446) including UK from 31 March 2004 brown blue green & yellow
Australia and South Africa red black green & yellow (core is usually bare and should be sleeved at terminations. In Australia the earth core has been separately insulated with green or green/yellow plastic since about 1980.
United States and Canada 120/208/240V: black, red, blue (brass)
277/480V: brown, orange, yellow
120/208/240V: white (silver)
277/480V: gray
green (green)
or bare copper wire
Isolated ground: Green with yellow stripe
Note: the colors in this table represent the most common and preferred standard colors for typical home wiring however others may be in use, especially in older installations.

More about House Wiring

  • Basic House Wiring Diagrams

  • How to Draw Wiring Diagrams for a Home Electrical Project: Basic Home Wiring Diagrams, Fully explained home electrical wiring diagrams with pictures including an actual set of house plans.
  • Home Wiring Diagrams with Pictures

  • Detailed Residential Electrical Wiring Diagrams – Room by Room
  • House Electrical Rewiring Methods and Practices

  • I had my house rewired recently, I went to look at the wires and was surprised. For example, a wire would come from the box and go to an area of the house then into a junction box…
  • Principles for Domestic House Wiring

  • House Wiring and Electrical Circuit Planning: Planning your circuits for the anticipated loads is crucial to prevent any overloaded conditions.
  • Circuit Wiring for a House

  • How to Plan the Home Electrical Circuits: Installing Electrical Wiring for Light Fixtures and Outlets, Home Electrical Wiring.

Learn more about House Wiring

Frequently Asked Questions

Ask a Question, or Search to see the Answers

Questions and answers about electrical wiring, wiring installation, troubleshooting problems, inspection and repair.

Your question may already be answered,
use this search to see answers:

Residential Electrical Question or Comment

  Electrical Wiring Question
click here to ask a question
click here to leave a comment

»Avoid Costly Mistakes«
Wire It Right with the help of my Illustrated Wiring Book

Great for any Home Wiring Project,
Perfect for Homeowners, Students and Electricians!
Learn more about Residential House Wiring
Complete Guide to Home Electrical Wiring
Perfect for Homeowners, Students and Electricians
Home Electrical Wiring - Upgrade Electrical Wiring
120 Volt Circuits
240 Volt Circuits
Multi-Wired Circuits
Wiring Methods for Installing Home Electrical Circuit Wiring
Electrical Codes for Home Electrical Wiring
Electrical Troubleshooting and Repairs
....and much more.

» Click here to learn more about Home Electrical Wiring «
  electrical wiring  

Top of Page