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How to Repair Water Damaged Electrical Equipment


By Dave Rongey - Summary:

How to Repair Water Damaged Motors and Electrical Equipment: The Most Common Process to Help Restore Water Damaged Electrical Equipment.


Guide to Repairs for Water Damaged Equipment

Electrical Question: I’m trying to salvage an air compressor that was submerged, for about 6 hours, in flood water. The mechanical part (the pump) works fine. On the electrical side, there is a small 15 amp circuit breaker, a capacitor and the motor. The motor spins freely and looks fine but when I plug it into the 120Volt outlet and then turn the switch on, I blow the circuit breaker at the electrical panel!
What I’ve done so far:

  1.  I’ve disconnected the motor from the on/off switch in order to test the switch. The switch seems to be fine: it shows 120VAC at the motor side of the switch when it’s ON and no voltage when the switch is OFF, and all without blowing the circuit breaker at the panel.
  2.  I’ve tested the capacitor by using a 9VDC battery and it seems ok: when I apply the 9VDC and monitor using my volt meter, I see that the DC voltage immediately measures 9VDC and then starts to diminish. Also, when I remove the capacitor from the circuit (thereby, eliminating it), I still blow the circuit breaker at the electrical panel.
  3.  My visual inspection of the motor shows no rust or water in any part of the motor visible through the ports. It looks like it always did!

Can you please tell me what might be the problem here? I’d hate to have to throw this compressor out because everything is clean and moves freely.

Thanks,
John

This home electrical repair question came from: John, from Brick, New Jersey.

Dave’s Reply:
Thanks for your electrical repair question John.

How to Repair Water Damaged Motors and Electrical Equipment

Preparation
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Qualified Electrician.
Tools and Testers Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, Continuity Tester and Megger Meter.
Estimated Time: Depends on the complexity of the water damaged electrical equipment.
Precaution: Identify the circuit which provides power to the equipment, turn it OFF and then Tag it with a Note before performing any inspections and repairs.
Note: Water damaged equipment is best repaired by a qualified electrician or electrical contractor.

The Most Common Process to Help Restore Water Damaged Electrical Equipment

Water soaked electrical equipment can be restored when preventive procedures are taken such as the following:

  • Turn off the electrical  circuit power to the water damaged electrical equipment. Attempting to operate the equipment may cause permanent damage.
  • Locate equipment restoration products that are designed to help restore water damaged electrical equipment such as the line of products available from the CRC company. Make sure to read all directions before using each product.
  • Corrosion damage will begin to occur when the water is drained or dispersed therefore procedures must be performed without delay to prevent escalating corrosion damage.
  • Clean the equipment by removing any soil or contaminants from the water damage. Open or remove all covers to enable access to the electrical wiring and components. Flush or spray the equipment with clean water and a water based cleaner to remove contaminants then allow to drain.
  • Apply an electrical approved cleaner  or degreaser to remove contamination that was not removed by the flushing process. Also spray the control boxes or junction boxes to rinse and clean as needed and then allow to air dry.
  • Saturate the inside and outside of the equipment with a moisture displacement lubricant and allow to drain. Repeat the process until contaminants are not visible.
  • After the equipment has drained measure to verify the minimum resistance levels for the specific equipment and components. If the resistance levels are not correct then try to isolate the area or component and perform further inspections, flushing and cleaning as necessary.
  • Apply a precision cleaner to remove any remaining soil particles before energizing.
  • When megger resistance readings are normal the equipment may be tested under a no-load condition where the equipment may be allowed to run for a period of time that will allow further drying while under normal operating conditions.

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