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Installing Electrical Wiring for Pool Equipment

By Dave Rongey - Summary:

Installing an Electrical Circuit for a Pool Pump: I’m installing the electrical from my pool pump to the house breaker panel and want to know the type of wire I need to run inside the conduit.

Electrical Circuit for a Pool

Electrical Question: I’m installing the electrical from my pool pump to the house breaker panel and want to know the type of wire I need to run inside the conduit. I’m told that it has to be single-strand wire but I don’t know if I need to run two wires inside the conduit since I don’t know what the wire looks like. I’ve dug the trench to the required 12″ depth for the conduit since the GFCI will be located by the breaker box inside the house.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

This electrical wiring question came from Angelo, in Commack , New York.

Dave’s Reply:
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Angelo.

Installing an Electrical Circuit for a Pool Pump

Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced, Best installed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor.
Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tool, Voltage Tester, trenching equipment or shovels .
Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience and ability to work with tools and the condition of the soil where conduit will be installed.
Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools and the method used for install the circuit wiring.
Precaution: Working in electrical panels is not recommended for homeowners. Working in an electric panel is dangerous due to arc flash hazards and the possibility of electric shock.
Notice: Installing additional electric circuit wiring for a pool pump and equipment should be done according to local and national electrical codes with a permit and be inspected.

Sizing the Circuit Wiring for a Pool Pump

Here are some factors that must be considered to properly determine the circuit wiring for a pool pump and equipment:

  • Will there be one circuit or more circuits.
  • Identify the size of the pump and the circuit requirements.
  • What is the length of the cable for the circuit.
  • What is the type of conduit to be used for the circuit wiring.

Helpful Resources for Wiring a Pool Pump

Electrical Wiring Codes
Electrical Code

Electrical Code Directory covering electrical GFCI circuits and underground electrical wiring.

Electrical Code for Conduit Fill

Basic House Wiring Circuits

House Wiring Circuits and Circuit Breakers

This article looks at common 120 volt and 240 volt house wiring circuits and the circuit breakers that are installed identifying the types and amperage sizes used in most homes.

Guide to Home Electrical Wire

Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

How to Wire GFCI Outlets

GFCI and GFI Wiring Diagrams

The features and benefits of GFCI outlets and receptacles will give you a clear understanding of the importance why these safety devices are required by code to help protect you and your family against accidental electrical shock hazards.

More about Wiring a Pool
Swimming Pool
Electrician Explains a Swimming Pool Circuit.


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Be Careful and Be Safe - Never Work on Energized Circuits!
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all projects.