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Wiring for an Electric Range Circuit


By Dave Rongey - Summary:

How to Wire a Range Cord and Electric Range Circuit: Electric Circuit Requirements for a Kitchen Range


Kitchen Range Electrical Circuit Wiring

I am considering replacing my gas range with an electric stove or electric range.

  • In talking with appliance dealers, I am told that a stove uses a 240 volt, 30 amp circuit.
  • At the hardware store, I find that the receptacle is rated at 50 amps.
  • I will be running the new wire under the house and putting a receptacle next to the stove.
  • The length of run that I have from the circuit box to where the outlet will need to be placed will take less than 30 feet of wiring.
  • Will I need to wire with 8/3 or 6/3 to meet safety codes for my stove?

This electrical wiring question came from: Ben, a Homeowner from Dexter, Kansas.

Dave’s Reply:
Thanks for your electrical question Ben.

How to Wire a Range Cord and Range Circuit

PREPARATIONS

  • Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced, Best installed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor. Work in electrical panels is not recommended for homeowners, non-experienced individuals or non-electricians.
  • Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, electric drill,  auger bits and extension cord.
  • Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools and install 220 volt electrical circuit wiring.
  • Precaution: Identify the main circuit of the panel, turn it OFF and Tag it with a Note before working with the wiring or installing the 240 volt wiring and circuit breaker for the kitchen range.
  • Notice: Installing an additional 240 volt range circuit should be done according to local and national electrical codes with a permit and be inspected.

Electric Circuit Requirements for a Kitchen Range

  • The size cable for a electric range is either 6/3 aluminum with ground, or 8/3 copper with ground.
  • Because you are considering a stove it is best to select the stove that you want and consult the installation manual for the specific electrical circuit requirements, however if you decide to install a conventional range circuit then the typical circuit for an electric range is a 50 amp 240 volt 4-wire.

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Be Careful and Be Safe - Never Work on Energized Circuits!
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all projects.

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